Microcredit Facilitates Agency And Full Engagement Of Private Citizens In Quality Life Promoting Self Preservation
Governments are increasingly privatizing, Microcredit extension can fill in the gap. It can be used to foster development and increasing SRH and RMNCAH Uptake Among Ugandan Youths 13-35 years
Background: African Governments need to increasingly use Microcredit or Micro finance services as precursors and catalysts for many other social services and development goals. This has outcome implications in many areas including:HIV, SRH, RMNCAH and increasing household level living standards. The aim of the report is twofold: explore the categories that made Microcredit a catalyst for quality life practices; how Key Populations (KP) can use Microcredit to engage in quality life improving practices.
Methods: Community immersion, literature review and key informant interviews were used to generate the report between December 2015-February 2019 in 15 Ugandan Town Councils. 230 respondent were eligible out of 330. Eligibility was based on age; 5-7 months grace period after first loan withdrawal; small interest on loans ranging 0.002-0.009%; membership to more than one group or social collateral; did not have to deposit money in bank as collateral; plans set aside to ensure food sustenance; number of months in business between 6 months and 3 years; had plans for long term investments; and requested first/kick-starter loan equal to or below Ugx. 2,000,000.00.
Results: All 230 with median age 26 (IQR (13-35) reported self employment for past two years, flexibility to innovate, engage in self care and saved for food. One hundred seven (107/230) tested for HIV at least five times in 2018. A disaggregation of respondents: 101 Straight females; 90 Straight males; 22 Transgender; 7 Lesbians; 20 Gay males. All respondents were below 35 years. 53 with median age 22 (IQR13-35) were living with HIV among whom 7 are Transgender; 5 are Gay males. Microcredit supports participation in quality life practices, ability to form, maintain collateral viable groups and links businesses that follow market demands because their businesses were linked into food consumption (72) operated a food kiosk- and a side grocery); telephone kiosks operation (25); attire and shoes (22); movie kiosk (8) artisanry (12); brick-making (32); carpentry (9); Boda-riders (7) with median age 23 (IQR 13-35); event planning and hosting (23); stationery (27); grocery shops (20); and commitment to nurture goodwill and credibility e.g. return the money.
Conclusions and Recommendations: Young people can be empowered to engage in SRH uptake. Microcredit extension increases citizen self preservation provisions, is linked to opportunities for social integration, through entrepreneurship and wealth creation. It increases Household income base, a precursor for self care. The role party politics plays in addressing young persons’ concerns needs further study.